|Wallner, Hannah and Breitenladner, Christina and Spörrle, Matthias (2009): A defiance attitude towards experts? On the influence of emphasising researcher’s expertise on participants’ causal attribution ratings in a closed-response format. 11th European Congress of Psychology, 07. - 10. July 2009, Oslo, Norway.|
Objectives. Formal features of a questionnaire influence self-reports on central psychological constructs such as causal attributions: Using open-response formats Norenzayan and Schwarz (1999) demonstrated that respondents provided causal explanations for a given event corresponding with the researcher’s communicated research field. Extending this, our research investigates the influence of emphasising the researcher’s expertise on causal attributions using closed-response formats. Methods. In a 3 (field of research: personality, social, criminology) × 2 (emphasis of expertise: yes, no) between-subjects design, students (N = 144) rated the importance of specified personality-based causal explanations for a crime. Results. ANCOVA analysis (covariates: age, gender, personality dimensions) yielded a significant disordinal medium-sized interaction: When expertise was emphasised for the personality researcher, importance ratings of personality reasons decreased, whereas these ratings increased when expertise was emphasised for the social researcher. Conclusion. Respondents oppose authority and emphasise causal attributions contrary to the researcher’s epistemic interest when expertise is emphasised.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)|
|Keywords:||questionnaire design, self-report, closed-response format, attribution, expertise, Fragebogendesign, Selbstbericht, geschlossenes Frageformat, Attribution, Expertise|
|Collections:||Psychology and Education Science > Department for Psychology > General Psychology II > Conference proceedings|
|Subjects:||100 Philosophy and Psychology > 150 Psychology|
|Deposited On:||16. Jun 2010 07:49|
|Last Modified:||22. May 2012 10:16|
Galesic, M. & Tourangeau, R. (2007). What is sexual harassment? It depends on who asks! Framing effects on survey responses. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21, 189-202.
Spörrle, M., Gerber-Braun, B., & Försterling, F. (2007). The influence of response lines on response behavior in the context of open-question formats. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 66(2), 103-107.
Grice, H. P. (1975). Logic and conversation. In P. Cole, & J. L. Morgan (Eds), Syntax and semantics: Vol 3: Speech acts (pp. 41-58). New York: Academic Press.
Norenzayan, A. & Schwarz, N. (1999). Telling what they want to know: Participants tailor causal attributions to researchers’ interests. European Journal of Social Psychology, 29, 1011-1020.
Schwarz, N. & Oyserman, D. (2001). Asking questions about behavior: Cognition, communication and questionnaire construction. American Journal of Evaluation, 22, 127-160.
Rammstedt, B. & John, O. P. (2005). Kurzversion des Big Five Inventory (BFI-K). Diagnostica, 51, 195-206.