Weinberger, Armin and Stegmann, Karsten and Fischer, Frank
Knowledge convergence in collaborative learning. Concepts and assessment.
In: Learning and Instruction, Vol. 17, No. 4: pp. 416-426
In collaborative learning the question has been raised as to how learners in small groups influence one another and converge or diverge with respect to knowledge. Knowledge convergence can be conceptualised as knowledge equivalence and as shared knowledge prior to, during, and subsequent to collaborative learning. Knowledge equivalence refers to learners becoming more similar to their learning partners with regard to the extent of their individual knowledge. Shared knowledge means that learners have knowledge on the very same concepts as their learning partners. In this article, we provide measures for assessing both, knowledge equivalence and shared knowledge.