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Clougherty, Joseph A. and Zhang, Anming (February 2008): Domestic Rivalry and Export Performance: Theory and Evidence from International Airline Markets. SFB/TR 15 Discussion Paper No. 225
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Abstract

The much-studied relationship between domestic rivalry and export performance consists of those supporting a national-champion rationale, and those supporting a rivalry rationale. While the empirical literature generally supports the positive effects of domestic rivalry, the national-champion rationale actually rests on firmer theoretical ground. We address this inconsistency by providing a theoretical framework that illustrates three paths via which domestic rivalry translates into enhanced international exports. Furthermore, empirical tests on the world airline industry elicit the existence of one particular path - an enhanced firm performance effect - that connects domestic rivalry with improved international exports.