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Wullimann, Mario F. and Meyer, Dietrich L. (1993): Possible multiple evolution of indirect telencephalo-cerebellar pathways in teleosts: studies in Carassius auratus and Pantodon buchholzi. In: Cell and Tissue Research, Vol. 274, No. 3: pp. 447-455
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Abstract

Among vertebrates, telencephalo-pontine systems exist only in birds and mammals. However, three nuclei in the diencephalon and mesencephalon of teleost fishes have been indicated — analogous to the pons — to represent relay stations between telencephalon and cerebellum. Since two of these nuclei (dorsal preglomerular nucleus, dorsal tegmental nucleus) have only been described in the highly derived, electrosensory mormyrids, we investigated telencephalic connections in two nonelectrosensory teleosts, the goldfish Carassius auratus and the freshwater butterflyfish Pantodon buchholzi, and cerebellar connections only in the latter species, since for C. auratus these connections are already established. Horseradish peroxidase tracing reveals that C. auratus has a dorsal tegmental nucleus and a paracommissural nucleus both of which are telencephalo-recipient and project to the cerebellum, and that P. buchholzi has a dorsal preglomerular nucleus with such connections. These results extend our knowlegde of the distribution and, therefore, the phylogeny of telencephalo-cerebellar systems in teleosts. Similar to tetrapods, teleosts appear to have developed telencephalo-cerebellar systems several times independently.