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Moritz, Wolfgang and Lagally, Max G. (1986): Reliability of low-energy electron diffraction for studies of surface order-disorder phenomena. In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 56, No. 8: pp. 865-868
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Abstract

It is shown that a determination of critical exponents in surface phase transformations based on a kinematic analysis of LEED peak intensities is subject to errors caused by multiple scattering that are large enough to prevent a clear assignment to a known universality class. The multiple-scattering contribution arises from short-range flucutations and has its maximum value at the transition temperature. The specific-heat exponent of the surface phase can be measured directly from the variation of the integral-order-beam intensity with temperature that is caused by the multiple scattering.