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Weber, Th. and Smith, A. M. and Riedle, Eberhard and Neusser, H. J. and Schlag, E. W. (1990): High-resolution UV spectrum of the benzene—N2 van der Waals complex. In: Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 175, No. 1-2: pp. 79-83
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Abstract

The rotationally resolved spectrum of the 610 band of the S1 ← S0 electronic transition of the benzene—N2 van der Waals complex has been recorded and 119 transitions assigned. The C6H6·N2 complex, produced in a pulsed molecular beam, was detected by mass-selected two-photon two-colour ionization employing a high-resolution (ΔνUV = 100 MHz, fwhm) pulsed-amplified cw laser for the resonant intermediate excitation. The observed rotational structure is that of a rigid symmetric top with weaker additional rotational transitions most likely arising from the free internal rotation of the N2 in the plane parallel to the benzene ring. The N2 is located parallel to the benzene ring at a distance of 3.50 Å; this decreases by 45 mÅ in the excited electronic state.