Bergmann, M. and Schuster, Th. and Grabs, D. and Marquéze-Pouey, B. and Betz, H. and Traurig, H. and Mayerhofer, Artur and Gratzl, Manfred
Synaptophysin and synaptoporin expression in the developing rat olfactory system.
In: Developmental Brain Research, Vol. 74: pp. 235-244
The expressions of two closely related synaptic vesicle antigens synaptophysin and synaptoporin were examined in the olfactory system of the adult rat and during pre- and postnatal development. In the adult, immunocytochemistry showed that the continuously regenerating olfactory receptor neurons (primary neurons) produce both synaptophysin and synaptoporin which were localized in the cell bodies of the receptor neurons in the olfactory epithelium, their dendrites, axonal processes in the olfactory nerve and their terminals in the olfactory bulb glomeruli. Furthermore, ultrastructural analysis revealed synaptophysin- and synaptoporin-immunore activities associated with synaptic vesicles in most olfactory receptor axonal terminals impinging on dendrites of the mitral and tufted neurons (secondary neurons in the olfactory bulb circuitry) in the olfactory glomeruli. In like manner, tufted neurons, granule and periglomerular neurons (interneurons in the olfactory bulb circuitry) express both synaptophysin and synaptoporin. In contrast, mitral neurons expressed only the synaptophysin antigen which was likewise associated with mitral axonal terminals in their target the olfactory cortex. The patterns of synaptophysin and synaptoporin expressions in mitral neurons (synaptophysin only) and tufted neurons (synaptophysin and synaptoporin) were similar in prenatal, postnatal and adult rats as revealed by immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization. However, the biosynthesis of synaptophysin and synaptoporin by granule and periglomerular neurons, olfactory bulb interneurons, occurred mainly postnatally.