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Sonnenburg, F. von and Krampitz, H. E. and Löscher, Thomas and Prüfer, L. and Weiland, G. (1979): Zur Diagnose eingeschleppter viszeraler Leishmaniosen (Kala-Azar). In: Münchener medizinische Wochenschrift, Vol. 121, No. 42: pp. 1353-1356
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Abstract

Five cases of Kala-Azar carried in from the Mediterranean area between May 1977 and March 1979 suggest that in this age of mass tourism these diseases, considered by us as rarities until now, may become more common. In all cases considerable difficulties in diagnosis were first encountered. Serology was always indicative, the indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT) being found very reliable. In 4 of the 5 cases the identity of the pathogen was previously established by different methods.