Logo
DeutschClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings
Burg, G. and Przybilla, B. and Bogner, Johannes R. (1986): Contact-allergy time. In: Ring, J. and Burg, G. (eds.) : New trends in allergy. Vol. 2. Berlin: Springer. pp. 230-238
[img]
Preview

PDF

942kB

Abstract

The most commonly used techniques for the in vivo evaluation of the cellular immune response include intracutaneous testing with microbial recall antigens or sensitization with neoantigens. The reliability of these tests for the individual patient usually is low due to the lack of standardization and quantification. Moreover only the efferent branch of the immune response can be judged. The dinitrochlorobenzene-contact allergy time (DNCB-CAT) is a quantitative approach for the assessment of the cellular immune response. 2% DNCBointment is applied on the upper arm in a 1 cm2 area. On the following days patch-testing with 0.05% DNCB-ointment is done on the homolateral forearm in alternating localizations till an allergic contact dermatitis reaction appears. As assessed in patients with malignant melanoma (MM, n=\\5) and with lymphoproliferative disorders (LD, η = 25), the DNCB-CAT correlates with the age of the patients and can be expressed by a formula given by the age (years) χ factor (MM = 0.16; LD = 0.17) + constant figure (MM = 5.5; LD = 4.3). There was no significant difference between the two groups or subgroups investigated. By DNCB-CAT quantitative analysis of the cellular immune response in vivo is possible. It is an appropriate model for further investigations of the cellular immunity under different clinical, histological, prognostic, and therapeutic aspects.