Silani, V. and Borasio, Gian Domenico and Zhou, F. C. and Bernasconi, S. and Pizzuti, A. and Ampietro, A. and Scarlato, G.
NGF-response of EGF-dependent progenitor cells obtained from human sympathetic ganglia.
In: NeuroReport, Vol. 5, No. 16: pp. 2085-2089
SIGNALLING molecules are thought to play a significant role in determining the fate of neural crest progenitor cells. The human sympathetic chain was identified at 6.5, 7.5, 8.2, 10.2 and 11.4 postconception (PC) weeks demonstrating low affinity nerve growth factor (NGF) receptors, and was processed for tissue culture. In the presence of epidermal growth factor (EGF), floating spheres of proliferating progenitor cells were developed in vitro. In the absence of EGF progenitor cells differentiated into tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunoreactive neuronal and TH-negative flat cells. NGF treatment significantly increased neurite outgrowth and survival of TH-immunoreactive cells. The multipotent cells we isolated differ from previously reported sympathoadrenal progenitors in that they give rise to TH immunoreactive neurones precociously sensitive to NGF.