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Gall, Helmut and Bähren, Wolfgang and Scherb, Wolfgang and Stief, Christian Georg and Thon, Walter F. (1988): Diagnostic accuracy of Doppler ultrasound technique of the penile arteries in correlation to selective arteriography. In: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Vol. 11, No. 4: pp. 225-231
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Abstract

In 63% of 265 patients with erectile dysfunction a relevant arterial inflow disturbance was found by Doppler ultrasound examination. Correlation between Doppler and arteriography in 58 patients showed an accuracy of 95% in detecting penile arteries and an accuracy of 91% in discovering a pathological arterial pattern (arterial anomaly or arteriosclerotic obstruction). In 15 patients the arterial inflow was measured additionally by Doppler ultrasound technique after intracavernosal injection of vasoactive drugs (IIVD) (7.5 mg papaverine and 0.25 mg phentolamine). This technique proved to be more reliable than in the flaccid state and markedly facilitated localization and assessment of pathological changes of the cavernosal arteries.