|Hendel, Ulrich (September 2012): The Influence of Altruistic Preferences on the Race to the Bottom of Welfare States. Münchener Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Beiträge (VWL) 2012-21|
Common tax competition models suggest that welfare states will undercut each other's tax rate to attract taxpayers and keep welfare recipients at bay. This will lead to a zero-taxation outcome in the absence of migration costs or other barriers to migration. This paper develops a two-country framework with mobile altruistic taxpayers and immobile welfare recipients. It shows that under the assumption of taxpayers motivated by warm glow altruism, tax competition leads to unique pure strategy Nash equilibria in taxation which are different from zero given sufficiently strong altruistic preferences. If countries are asymmetric with respect to the number of welfare recipients, pure altruism and inequity aversion preferences support additional unique pure strategy Nash equilibria in which the country with the fewer poor attracts more taxpayers and sets higher taxes. This implies that rich countries may benefit from tax competition.
|Dokumententyp:||Paper (Discussion Paper)|
|Keywords:||tax competition, welfare state, altruism|
Volkswirtschaft > Munich Discussion Papers in Economics
|Themengebiete:||300 Sozialwissenschaften > 300 Sozialwissenschaft, Soziologie
300 Sozialwissenschaften > 330 Wirtschaft
|JEL Classification:||H73, D64, H20|
|Veröffentlicht am:||15. Sep. 2012 06:59|
|Letzte Änderungen:||02. Mai 2016 07:05|
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