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Chung, E.; Hanukoglu, A.; Rees, M.; Thompson, R.; Dillon, M.; Hanukoglu, I.; Bistritzer, T.; Kuhnle, U.; Seckl, J.; Gardiner, R.M. (1995): Exclusion of the Locus for Autosomal Recessive Pseudohypoaldosteronism Type 1 from the Mineralocorticoid Receptor Gene Region on Human Chromosome 4q by Linkage Analysis. In: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Vol. 80, No. 11: pp. 3341-3345




Pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 (PHA1) is an uncommon inherited disorder characterized by salt-wasting in infancy arising from target organ unresponsiveness to mineralocorticoids. Clinical expression of the disease varies from severely affected infants who may die to apparently asymptomatic individuals. Inheritance is Mendelian and may be either autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive. A defect in the mineralocorticoid receptor has been implicated as a likely cause of PHA1. The gene for human mineralocorticoid receptor (MLR) has been cloned and physically mapped to human chromosome 4q31.1-31.2. The etiological role of MLR in autosomal recessive PHA1 was investigated by performing linkage analysis between PHA1 and three simple sequence length polymorphisms (D4S192, D4S1548, and D4S413) on chromosome 4q in 10 consanguineous families. Linkage analysis was carried out assuming autosomal recessive inheritance with full penetrance and zero phenocopy rate using the MLINK program for two-point analysis and the HOMOZ program for multipoint analysis. Lod scores of less than -2 were obtained over the whole region from D4S192 to D4S413 encompassing MLR. This provdes evidence against MLR as the site of mutations causing PHA1 in the majority of autosomal recessive families.