Grunze, Heinz; Amann, B.; Dittmann, Sandra; Walden, Jörg
Clinical relevance and treatment possibilities of bipolar rapid cycling.
In: Neuropsychobiology, No. 1: pp. 20-26
Bipolar rapid cycling (RC) is defined as 4 or more affective episodes within 1 year. It has been postulated that RC is related to a poor response to lithium, to the same extent as mixed episodes or other atypical symptoms of the illness. This article reviews the current status of alternative pharmacological or otherwise supportive therapies of RC. Biological parameters and characteristics of the illness associated with RC like gender prevalence in women, hyperthyroid ism, catecholamine-O-methyltransferase allele, the influence of sleep, different subtypes of bipolar disorder and the risk of antidepressant-induced cycling will be discussed in detail. Copyright (C) 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel.