Weber, Patrick; Diehl, Peter; Hofmann, Gunther O.; Miethke, Thomas; Schmitt-Sody, Marcus; Mittelmeier, Wolfram; Gradinger, Reiner; Gollwitzer, Hans
Extrakorporale hydrostatische Hochdruckbehandlung als neues Verfahren zur Desinfektion infizierter Knochenpräparate.
In: Biomedizinische Technik, Vol. 53, Nr. 4: S. 190-198
Background: Allogeneic bone transplantation is at risk of infection, and established disinfection methods typically compromise bone quality. High hydrostatic pressure (HHP) is well established for disinfection in food technology, and also it does protect biomechanical and biological properties of bone. This study is the first investigation of HHP regarding disinfection of bone biopsies. Materials and methods: Bone biopsies of 34 patients with chronic infections were subjected to HHP and assessed for persisting bacterial growth. In series 1, bone biopsies were proceeded directly to HHP (10 min; maximal pressure P-max 600 MPa). In series 2, HHP was applied after 5-day incubation in growth media (10 min or 2 x 30 min; P-max 600 MPa). Furthermore, HHP-induced changes of bacterial morphology on artificially infected bone samples were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results: For series 1, 71% of the bone samples were sterilised by HHP (n = 17), compared to 38% of the untreated control samples, which were obtained during the same surgery (n = 8). For series 2, after prior incubation, HHP disinfected 7% of the bone specimens (n = 55), all control samples showed bacterial growth (n = 33). Destruction of cell wall integrity of Gram-negative strains was observed by SEM. Conclusion: The effectiveness of HHP for bone disinfection should be improved by optimising treatment parameters. Infections with barosensitive Gram-negative bacteria or yeast might represent possible clinical indications.