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Barz, Ralph-Uwe; Schneider, J.; Gille, Peter (1999): High-temperature phase transitions of gallium orthophosphate (GaPO4). In: Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie, Vol. 214, Nr. 12: S. 845-849
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Phase transitions of gallium orthophosphate (GaPO4) have been studied by thermal analysis between ambient temperature and 1100°C. In situ X-ray powder diffraction at selected temperatures confirmed the three known polymorphic structure types of low-quartz, low-cristobalite and high-cristobalite GaPO4, respectively. Whereas the as-synthesized powder retained its low-quartz structure up to 970°C, powders cycled up to 1100°C exhibited three phase transitions (low-cristobalite → (≈620°C) high-cristobalite → (≈800°C) low-quartz → (≈970°C) high-cristobalite) while heating up and one phase transition (high-cristobalite → (≈590°C) low-cristobalite) while cooling down. However, the high-cristobalite/low-quartz heating transformation was found to be kinetically hindered. Isothermal in situ X-ray powder diffraction revealed a remarkable temperature dependence of this reaction kinetics.