Cecco, C.; Barth, C.; Gille, Peter; Feuerbacher, M.; Krausch, G.; Reichling, M.
Cleaved surfaces of d-AlNiCo and ξ′-AlPdMn.
In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 334-335: S. 491-494
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Decagonal Al-Ni-Co quasicrystals were cleaved in ultrahigh-vacuum and the resulting surfaces were investigated by dynamic scanning force microscopy. The samples were cleaved perpendicular to the tenfold axis and perpendicular to one of the twofold axes. Both surfaces show a rough structure with lateral features on the nanometer scale and height differences of angstroms to nanometers. While the corrugation of the tenfold surface does not show any correlation to the quasiperiodic bulk structure, the twofold surface exhibits row-like corrugations, which indicate the existence of columnar structure motifs along the direction of the tenfold axis as expected from structure models. Images from surface regions tilted with respect to the twofold plane strongly indicate the existence of inclined netplanes. In addition, we studied surfaces of an ξ′-(Al-Pd-Mn) quasicrystal approximant, which was cleaved perpendicular to the pseudo-tenfold b-axis. These surfaces show a corrugated structure as well, similar to the results obtained from the decagonal Al-Ni-Co surfaces. There is no indication of a correlation to the periodicity or other structural features of this orthorhombic, crystalline material.