Hartmann, Stephan (2012): Generalized Dicke States.
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Quantum master equations are an important tool in quantum optics and quantum information theory. For systems comprising a small to medium number of atoms (or qubits), the non-truncated equations are usually solved numerically. In this paper, we present a group-theoretical superoperator method that helps solving these equations. To do so, we exploit the SU(4)-symmetry of the respective Lindblad operator and construct basis states that generalize the well-known Dicke states. This allows us to solve various problems analytically and to considerably reduce the complexity of problems that can only be solved numerically. Finally, we present three examples that illustrate the proposed method.