|Becker, Sascha O.; Nagler, Markus; Wößmann, Ludger (2014): Education promoted secularization. CAGE Online Working Paper Series, 182|
Why did substantial parts of Europe abandon the institutionalized churches around 1900? Empirical studies using modern data mostly contradict the traditional view that education was a leading source of the seismic social phenomenon of secularization. We construct a unique panel dataset of advanced-school enrollment and Protestant church attendance in German cities between 1890 and 1930. Our cross-sectional estimates replicate a positive association. By contrast, in panel models where fixed effects account for time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity, education – but not income or urbanization – is negatively related to church attendance. In panel models with lagged explanatory variables, educational expansion precedes reduced church attendance.
|Item Type:||Paper (Discussion Paper)|
Economics > Chairs > CESifo-Professorship for Empirical Innovation Economics
|Subjects:||300 Social sciences > 330 Economics|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry and UK|
|Deposited On:||15. Apr 2014 08:57|
|Last Modified:||29. Apr 2016 09:17|