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Fahr, René; Sunde, Uwe (2006): Spatial mobility and competition for jobs: Some theory and evidence for Western Germany. In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 36, No. 6: pp. 803-825
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This paper sheds new light on the role of regional labor market conditions for regional mobility. We study competition for vacant jobs along two dimensions - between employed and unemployed job searchers, and between resident and non-resident job searchers - within a simple matching framework. Evidence from estimating regional matching functions with data on job searchers disaggregated by previous employment status and regional provenance indicates that competition for jobs along both dimensions affects hiring. Tests of the theoretical predictions suggest that labor market conditions do determine regional mobility, but the countervailing effects of competition between employed and unemployed dilute mobility effects.