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Falck, Oliver (2009): Routinization of innovation in German manufacturing: The David - Goliath symbiosis revisited. In: Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 18, No. 3: pp. 497-506
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Small and medium-sized firms frequently are viewed as the drivers of radical innovation. However, they often do not have the focus and commitment necessary for improving and extending the innovation, tasks better accomplished by routinized large firms. Using a uniquely rich industry-level data set for German manufacturing industries during 1991-2004, this article finds evidence for this David - Goliath symbiosis. Although small and medium-sized firm innovation rates can explain the within-industry variation of productivity growth, it is the large firm process innovation rate that explains differences in the level of productivity growth between industries, i.e. differences in the degree of routinization of innovation.