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Felbermayr, Gabriel; Kohler, Wilhelm K. (2007): Immigration and native welfare. In: International Economic Review, Vol. 48, Nr. 3: S. 731-760

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Abstract

This article unifies two approaches for identifying the welfare and wage effects of immigration, one emphasizing the immigration surplus, the other stressing a potential welfare loss due to a terms-of-trade effect. We decompose the native welfare effect into a standard complementarity effect, augmented by a Stolper-Samuelson effect, and a terms-of-trade effect. We illustrate the welfare and wage effects of endogenous goods prices in a stylized-specific factors model. Finally, we calibrate this model to a generic OECD economy and provide simulation results. The key insight is that endogenous goods prices play a quantitatively important role, sometimes even overturning received results.

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