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Heublein, Sabine; Grasse, Katinka; Hessel, Harald; Burges, Alexander; Lenhard, Miriam; Engel, Jutta; Kirchner, Thomas; Jeschke, Udo; Mayr, Doris: KRAS, BRAF genotyping reveals genetic heterogeneity of ovarian borderline tumors and associated implants. In: BMC Cancer 2013, 13:483




Background: Patients diagnosed for a serous ovarian borderline tumor (s-BOT) typically present with an excellent clinical outcome. However there have been controversies concerning the prognostic impact of so-called implants, an extra ovarian spread occurring alongside the s-BOT in certain cases. It remains obscure whether these implants actually resemble metastasis owning the same genetic pattern as the ovarian primary or whether they develop independently. Methods: The current study, in the aim of further clarifying the genetic origin of implants, assessed BRAF/KRAS hot spot mutations and the p53/p16(INK4a) immunophenotype of s-BOTs and corresponding implants (n = 49) of 15 patients by pyro-sequencing and immunostaining, respectively. Results: A significant proportion of both s-BOTs and implants showed KRAS or BRAF mutation and though p16(INK4a) was found to be abundantly expressed, p53 immunoreactivity was rather low. When genotypes of BRAF/KRAS mutated s-BOTs and corresponding implants were compared no patient presented with a fully matching mutation profile of s-BOTs and all corresponding implants. Conclusions: The current study reveals genetic heterogeneity of s-BOTs and implants, as none of the markers examined showed constant reciprocity. Hence, our findings may assist to explain the different clinical presentation of s-BOTs and implants and might encourage to applying more individualized follow up protocols.