Schiwietz, Michael; Kriegel, Hans-Peter
Query processing of spatial objects: Complexity versus Redundancy.
3rd International Symposium on Large Spatial Databases (SSD'93), 23-25 Juni 1993, Singapore.
The management of complex spatial objects in applications, such as geography and cartography,
imposes stringent new requirements on spatial database systems, in particular on efficient
query processing. As shown before, the performance of spatial query processing can be improved
by decomposing complex spatial objects into simple components. Up to now, only decomposition
techniques generating a linear number of very simple components, e.g. triangles or trapezoids, have
been considered. In this paper, we will investigate the natural trade-off between the complexity of
the components and the redundancy, i.e. the number of components, with respect to its effect on
efficient query processing. In particular, we present two new decomposition methods generating
a better balance between the complexity and the number of components than previously known
techniques. We compare these new decomposition methods to the traditional undecomposed representation
as well as to the well-known decomposition into convex polygons with respect to their
performance in spatial query processing. This comparison points out that for a wide range of query
selectivity the new decomposition techniques clearly outperform both the undecomposed representation
and the convex decomposition method. More important than the absolute gain in performance
by a factor of up to an order of magnitude is the robust performance of our new decomposition
techniques over the whole range of query selectivity.