Gülberg, Veit; Gerbes, Alexander L.; Vollmar, Angelika M.; Paumgartner, Gustav
Endothelin-3 like immunoreactivity in plasma of patients with cirrhosis of the liver.
In: Life Sciences, Vol. 51: pp. 1165-1169
A highly specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay (RIA) has been established for determination of endothelin-3 like immunoreactivity in human plasma to investigate its possible role in hemodynamic alterations due to liver disease. Crossreactivity with other endothelin isoforms was always below 4 %, the lower detection limit following extraction on Sep-Pak C18 cartridges was 0.5 pg/ml. The concentration of endothelin-3 (mean ± SEM) was 4.16 ± 0.56 pg/ml (n = 13) in plasma of patients with cirrhosis of the liver, three fold higher than in age matched controls (1.35 ± 0.27 pg/ml, n = 12, p < 0.01). Plasma immunoreactivity was confirmed to be endothelin-3 related by reverse-phase HPLC. These data could suggest a role of plasma endothelin-3 in circulatory changes, as they occur in cirrhosis of the liver.