Saalmüller, Armin; Jonjic, Stipan; Bühring, Hans-Jörg; Reddehase, Matthias J.; Koszinowski, Ulrich H.
Distribution of T-lymphocyte subsets in porcine lymphoid tissues.
In: Immunology, Vol. 60: pp. 395-401
The distribution of the functional subsets of porcine T cells, the cytolytic/suppressor (Tc/s) and the helper/inducer (Th/i) cells was studied in cryostat sections of thymus, lymph nodes, tonsils, Peyer's patches, spleen and liver using the indirect immunoperoxidase technique. Three murine monoclonal antibodies (mAb) were used. The mAb 8/1 reacts with an antigen present on all T cells and on cells of the myeloid lineage; the antigen has not yet been characterized biochemically. The mAb 295/33 (anti-T8) binds to the porcine T8 antigen and defines the Tc/s subset, while mAb PT-4 (anti-T4) detects the porcine T4 antigen and defines the Th/i subset. Practically all thymocytes were stained by mAb 8/1. The majority of cortical thymocytes apparently co-expressed T8 and T4, whereas distinct fractions of medullary cells were labelled by either anti-T8 or anti-T4. In peripheral lymphoid organs all three mAb reacted with cells in the thymus-dependent areas and with cells scattered in the lymphoid follicles. In lymph nodes, tonsils and Peyer's patches, anti-T8 and anti-T4 each labelled approximately half of the cells stained by mAb 8/1. In the periarteriolar lymphoid sheath of the spleen, anti-T4 labelled more cells than did anti-T8. The reactivity of mAb 8/1 with the Kupffer cells of the liver demonstrated the expression of the 8/1 antigen on cells of the monocyte lineage. The T8 and T4 antigens could not be detected in acetone-fixed and paraffin-embedded sections, while the antigen recognized by mAb 8/1 remained preserved. Altogether, despite an inverted microanatomical structure of porcine lymph nodes, the frequency and distribution of T8+ and T4+ cells in thymus-dependent areas proved to be similar to those found in other species.