Logo Logo
Switch Language to German

Hodiamont, Farina; Hock, Helena; Ellis-Smith, Clare; Evans, Catherine; De Wolf-Linder, Susanne; Junger, Saskia; Diehl-Schmid, Janine; Burner-Fritsch, Isabel and Bausewein, Claudia (2021): Culture in the spotlight-cultural adaptation and content validity of the integrated palliative care outcome scale for dementia: A cognitive interview study. In: Palliative Medicine, Vol. 35, No. 5, 2,69216E+15: pp. 962-971

Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.


Background: Dementia is a life-limiting disease with high symptom burden. The Integrated Palliative Care Outcome Scale for Dementia (IPOS-Dem) is the first comprehensive person-centered measure to identify and measure palliative care needs of people with dementia. However, such a measure is missing in the German health care system. Aim: To develop a culturally adapted German version of the IPOS-Dem and determine its content validity as a foundation for comprehensive psychometric testing. Design: Cognitive interview study with intermittent analysis and questionnaire adaptation. Interview guide and coding frame followed thematic analysis according to Willis complemented by Tourangeau's model of cognitive aspects of survey methodology: comprehension, retrieval, judgment, response. Participants: Purposive sample with professionals (n = 29) and family carers (n = 6) of people with advanced dementia in seven nursing homes and person's own home care in four interview rounds (n = 11;10;7;7). Results: IPOS-Dem was regarded as comprehensive and accessible. Cultural adaption pertained to issues of comprehension and judgment. Comprehension challenges referred to the person-centered concept of being affected by used in the POS-measures. Judgment problems related to persons with limited communication causing challenges in assessment. Conclusion: Most issues of cultural adaptation could be addressed by questionnaire modifications. However, interviews unveiled fundamental challenges for using proxy reported person-centered assessments. Continuous training on how to use the instrument is imperative to integrate the person-centered approach of palliative care into nursing homes as a key provider of generalist palliative care for people with dementia. The refined version is ready for psychometric testing.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item