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Langhals, Heinz; Dietl, Christian and Wiedbrauk, Sandra (2021): Balancing from FRET to SET and Further to Photochemistry. In: Israel Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 62, No. 5-6

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Dyads of the hypsochromically absorbing energy donor benzoperylenetriscarboximide and the more bathochromically absorbing perylenebiscarboximide with various spacers were synthesized by means of the Sonogashira reaction where the transition moments of the donor and the acceptor are orthogonal causing zero for the geometry factor of kappa for the simple p-phenylene spacer. Exciton interactions were extinguished;however, the energy transfer by RET (resonance energy transfer) proceeded unaltered efficiently in contrast to the theory where vibronic effects were made responsible therefore. A lateral shift of donor and acceptor by means of a disubstituted naphthalene as the spacer was of no influence. The replacement of the naphthalene by the more electron rich pyrene caused a switch from RET to a photo-induced single electron transfer (SET). RET as a very fast feeder allowed the suppression the formation of triplets of the donor and subsequent the generation of singlet oxygen and allowed to protect the dyad against photochemical degradation. Finally, the influence of the distance between donor and acceptor was studied.

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