Polland, Hans-Joachim and Franz, M. A. and Zinth, Wolfgang and Kaiser, Wolfgang and Koelling, E. and Oesterhelt, Dieter
Optical picosecond studies of bacteriorhodopsin containing a sterically fixed retinal.
In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics, No. 767: pp. 635-639
The photochemical behaviour of an analogous bacteriorhodopsin (9,12-Ph-BR) which contains the sterically fixed 9,12-phenylretinal has been investigated with picosecond spectroscopy. The following results have been obtained. No ground-state intermediate photoproduct is found in agreement with the previous observation that 9,12-Ph-BR does not exhibit proton pumping under illumination. The excited singlet state has a lifetime of τS = 10 ± 2 ps. This lifetime agrees favourably with the value calculated from the radiative lifetime τrad = 6.2 ns and the fluorescence quantum efficiency of 1.2·10−3. Excited-state absorption occurs which results in fluorescence in the ultraviolet region. These various observations differ drastically from the corresponding findings on bacteriorhodopsin. Most important for an understanding of the differences is the fact that 9,12-phenylretinal does not isomerize in the protein's binding site in contrast to retinal. Our data therefore suggest that the formation of the intermediate K observed in bacteriorhodopsin is accompanied by the all-trans to 13-cis isomerization.