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Mueller, Ralf S.; Nuttall, Tim; Prost, Christine; Schulz, Bianka and Bizikova, Petra (2021): Treatment of the feline atopic syndrome - a systematic review. In: Veterinary Dermatology, Vol. 32, No. 1, 43-e8

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Background Feline allergic skin disease and asthma occur regularly in small animal practice. Objectives To provide evidence-based recommendations for small animal practitioners on the treatment of feline atopic syndrome (FAS). Methods and materials The authors reviewed the literature available before February 2020, prepared a detailed evidence-based literature review and made recommendations based on the evaluated evidence. Results Sixty-six papers and abstracts were identified describing treatment interventions for FAS and evaluated to establish treatment recommendations. For many treatment options, the papers were retrospective, open studies or case reports. Conclusion and clinical relevance In this review, there was good evidence for the efficacy of systemic glucocorticoids and ciclosporin, and limited evidence for the efficacy of topical glucocorticoids, oclacitinib and allergen-specific immunotherapy in feline atopic skin syndrome. Evidence pointed to low-to-moderate efficacy for antihistamines, fatty acids and palmitoyl ethanolamide. In feline asthma, there was good evidence for the efficacy of oral and inhaled glucocorticoids, and limited evidence of moderate efficacy for allergen-specific immunotherapy. Evidence supported low-to-moderate efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells, inhaled lidocaine and oclacitinib as treatments for feline asthma. For almost all therapeutic options (with the exception of glucocorticoids and ciclosporin), more randomised controlled trials are needed.

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