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Preusser, Matthias; Silvani, Antonio; Le Rhun, Emilie; Soffietti, Riccardo; Lombardi, Giuseppe; Sepulveda, Juan Manuel; Brandal, Petter; Brazil, Lucy; Bonneville-Levard, Alice; Lorgis, Veronique; Vauleon, Elodie; Bromberg, Jacoline; Erridge, Sara; Cameron, Alison; Lefranc, Florence; Clement, Paul M.; Dumont, Sarah; Sanson, Marc; Bronnimann, Charlotte; Balana, Carmen; Thon, Niklas; Lewis, Joanne; Mair, Maximilian J.; Sievers, Philipp; Furtner, Julia; Pichler, Josef; Bruna, Jordi; Ducray, Francois; Reijneveld, Jaap C.; Mawrin, Christian; Bendszus, Martin; Marosi, Christine; Golfinopoulos, Vassilis; Coens, Corneel; Gorlia, Thierry; Weller, Michael; Sahm, Felix and Wick, Wolfgang (2021): Trabectedin for recurrent WHO grade 2 or 3 meningioma: A randomized phase II study of the EORTC Brain Tumor Group (EORTC-1320-BTG). In: Neuro-Oncology, Vol. 24, No. 5: pp. 755-767

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Background No systemic treatment has been established for meningioma progressing after local therapies. Methods This randomized, multicenter, open-label, phase II study included adult patients with recurrent WHO grade 2 or 3 meningioma. Patients were 2:1 randomly assigned to intravenous trabectedin (1.5 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks) or local standard of care (LOC). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints comprised overall survival (OS), objective radiological response, safety, quality of life (QoL) assessment using the QLQ-C30 and QLQ-BN20 questionnaires, and we performed tissue-based exploratory molecular analyses. Results Ninety patients were randomized (n = 29 in LOC, n = 61 in trabectedin arm). With 71 events, median PFS was 4.17 months in the LOC and 2.43 months in the trabectedin arm (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.42;80% CI, 1.00-2.03;P = .294) with a PFS-6 rate of 29.1% (95% CI, 11.9%-48.8%) and 21.1% (95% CI, 11.3%-32.9%), respectively. Median OS was 10.61 months in the LOC and 11.37 months in the trabectedin arm (HR = 0.98;95% CI, 0.54-1.76;P = .94). Grade >= 3 adverse events occurred in 44.4% of patients in the LOC and 59% of patients in the trabectedin arm. Enrolled patients had impeded global QoL and overall functionality and high fatigue before initiation of systemic therapy. DNA methylation class, performance status, presence of a relevant co-morbidity, steroid use, and right hemisphere involvement at baseline were independently associated with OS. Conclusions Trabectedin did not improve PFS and OS and was associated with higher toxicity than LOC treatment in patients with non-benign meningioma. Tumor DNA methylation class is an independent prognostic factor for OS.

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