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Reilich, Peter; Schlotter, Beate; Montagnese, Federica; Jordan, Berit; Stock, Friedrich; Schaeff-Vogelsang, Mario; Hotter, Benjamin; Eger, Katherina; Diebold, Isabel; Erdmann, Hannes; Becker, Kerstin; Schoen, Ulrike and Abicht, Angela (2021): Location matters - Genotype-phenotype correlation in LRSAM1 mutations associated with rare Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy CMT2P. In: Neuromuscular Disorders, Vol. 31, No. 2: pp. 123-133

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More than 80 genes are known to be associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). Mutations of LRSAM1 were identified as a rare cause and define the subgroup of axonal neuropathy CMT2P. We identified additional 14 patients out of 12 families. Clinical and electrophysiological data confirm a late-onset axonal neuropathy with a predominance of sensorimotor impairment. The patients harbored ten different variants in LRSAM1, seven of which were novel. Due to variable inheritance patterns and clustering of pathogenic variants in 3'-prime exons, interpretation of genetic variants in LRSAM1 is challenging. The majority follows dominant inheritance, whereas recessive inheritance has been described for one variant. Variants at the 3'end may or may not escape from nonsense-mediated decay, thereby defining the pattern of inheritance. Our data emphasize the importance of the C-terminal RING domain, which exerts a dominant-negative effect on protein function, whenever affected by an altered or truncated protein. In conclusion, CMT2P is a rare, but nevertheless relevant cause of adult-onset axonal and painful neuropathy. ACMG (American College of Medical Genetics and genomics) criteria should be carefully applied in variant interpretation, with special attention to premature termination codon-introducing variants and their location within the gene. (c) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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