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Richter, Florian; Keim, Corneli; Caron, Jerome; Krauser, Jasper; Weise, Dennis and Wenig, Mark (2021): Prediction model for diffuser-induced spectral features in imaging spectrometers. In: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 14, No. 2: pp. 1561-1571

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Wide-field spectrometers for Earth observation missions require in-flight radiometric calibration for which the Sun can be used as a known reference. Therefore, a diffuser is placed in front of the spectrometer in order to scatter the incoming light into the entrance slit and provide homogeneous illumination. The diffuser, however, introduces interference patterns known as speckles into the system, yielding potentially significant intensity variations at the detector plane, called spectral features. There have been several approaches implemented to characterize the spectral features of a spectrometer, e.g., end-to-end measurements with representative instruments. Additionally, in previous publications a measurement technique was proposed, which is based on the acquisition of monochromatic speckles in the entrance slit following a numerical propagation through the disperser to the detection plane. Based on this measurement technique, we present a stand-alone prediction model for the magnitude of spectral features in imaging spectrometers, requiring only few input parameters and, therefore, mitigating the need for expensive measurement campaigns.

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