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Schulze Pellengahr, Christoph von; Teske, Wolfram; Kapoor, Saurabh; Klein, Alexander; Wegener, Bernd; Buettner, Andreas and Lahner, Matthias (2021): Primary stability of the Activ L (R) intervertebral disc prosthesis in cadaver bone and comparison of the keel and spike anchoring concept. In: Springer Nature Musculoskeletal Disorders, Vol. 22, No. 1, 934

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Background High primary stability is the key prerequisite for safe osseointegration of cementless intervertebral disc prostheses. The aim of our study was to determine the primary stability of intervertebral disc prostheses with two different anchoring concepts - keel and spike anchoring. Methods Ten ActivL intervertebral disc prostheses (5 x keel anchoring, 5 x spike anchoring) implanted in human cadaver lumbar spine specimens were tested in a spine movement simulator. Axial load flexion, extension, left and right bending and axial rotation motions were applied on the lumbar spine specimens through a defined three-dimensional movement program following ISO 2631 and ISO/CD 18192-1.3 standards. Tri-dimensional micromotions of the implants were measured for both anchor types and compared using Student's T-test for significance after calculating 95 % confidence intervals. Results In the transverse axis, the keel anchoring concept showed statistically significant (p < 0.05) lower mean values of micromotions compared to the spike anchoring concept. The highest micromotion values for both types were observed in the longitudinal axis. In no case the threshold of 200 micrometers was exceeded. Conclusions Both fixation systems fulfill the required criteria of primary stability. Independent of the selected anchorage type an immediate postoperative active mobilization doesn't compromise the stability of the prostheses.

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