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Winter, Anna; Erdelt, Kurt; Giannakopoulos, Nikolaos Nikitas; Schmitter, Marc; Edelhoff, Daniel and Liebermann, Anja (2021): Impact of Different Types of Dental Prostheses on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life: A Prospective Bicenter Study of Definitive and Interim Restorations. In: International Journal of Prosthodontics, Vol. 34, No. 4: pp. 441-447

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Purpose: To assess the impact of different types of dental prostheses, including definitive and interim restorations, on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) before and after prosthetic treatment. Materials and Methods: A total of 151 patients received prosthetic treatment at one of two German departments of prosthetic dentistry. The patients' OHRQoL was assessed using the German version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-G53) at baseline (T0) and at 1 week (T1) and 3 months (T2) after treatment. Patients were divided into 10 subgroups according to their pre- and posttreatment status. The effects of restoration type (no prosthesis;fixed prosthesis;removable prosthesis) and duration of wear (definitive;interim) were evaluated. Results were analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Kruskal-Wallis, and Mann-Whitney U tests with a significance level of P = .05. Results: The highest OHRQoL was recorded for patients with fixed restorations, as indicated by the fact that their OHIP scores were lowest. A significant improvement in OHRQoL (P < .034) was observed for patients who needed prostheses and were then treated with removable or fixed restorations. The OHIP score was affected by a change in restoration type. Rehabilitation with definitive prostheses had a significant effect on posttreatment OHRQoL (P < .006). Conclusion: In general, prosthetic rehabilitation by use of fixed or removable prostheses resulted in an improvement in OHRQoL. The use of the same type of restoration before and after treatment had a positive effect on OHRQoL. If possible, a change of restoration type should be avoided. For patients who require permanent prostheses, the use of fixed and removable restorations is recommended. For oral rehabilitation, fixed restorations should be preferred in order to achieve best possible improvement of OHIP score. Int J Prosthodont 2021;34:441-447. doi: 10.11607/ijp.7180

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