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Yi, Qi; Gao, Yuting; Du, Hongrong; Chen, Junxu; Yang, Liang Emlyn and Zhao, Hongling (2021): SPATIO-TEMPORAL VARIATION OF NET PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY IN A RAPIDLY EXPANDING ARTIFICIAL WOODLAND AREA BASED ON REMOTE-SENSING DATA. In: Erdkunde, Vol. 75, No. 3: pp. 191-207

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Abstract

The expansion of artificial woodlands in China has contributed significantly to regional land-cover changes and changes in the regional net primary productivity (NPP). This study used Ximeng County in the Yunnan Province as a case study to investigate the overall changes, associated amplitude, and spatio-temporal distribution of NPP from 2000-2015.The Carnegie-Ames-Stanford approach was used in the rapidly expanding artificial woodland area based on MODIS-NDVI data, meteorological data, and Landsat 5 TM data to calculate the NPP. The results show that (1) artificial woodlands experience a 10fold increase and account for 93 % of the land cover transfer, which was mainly from woodland areas. (2) The NPP was 906.2x10(9) gC.yr(-1) in 2000 and 972.0 x10(9) gC.yr(-1) in 2015, presenting a total increase of 65.8x 10(9) gC.yr(-1) and a mean increase of 52.4 gC.m(-2).yr(-1) in Ximeng County. (3) The most notable NPP changes take place in the central and the western border regions, with the increasing NPP of artificial woodlands and arable land offsetting the negative effects of the decrease in woodland NPP. (4) The total NPP in the study area kept increasing, primarily due to the growing area of artificial woodlands as well as the stand age of the woods, whereas the mean value change of the NPP is mostly related to the increasing stand age. (5) The artificial woodlands increase the NPP value more than natural woodlands. While protecting and promoting ecologically valuable natural forests at the same time, it seems quite advantageous to establish regional plantations and coordinate their development on a scientific basis with a view to increasing NPP, economic development, but also the ecological stability of this mountain region. Our study reveals the changes in NPP and its distribution in a rapidly expanding area of artificial woodland in southwest China based on remote-sensing data and the CASA model, providing a decision-making basis for rational land-use management, the optimal utilization of land resources, and a county-scale assessment approach.

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