Logo Logo
Switch Language to German

Hofmann, Felix O. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6913-2429; Heinemann, Volker; D'Anastasi, Melvin; Gesenhues, Alena B.; Hesse, Nina; Weikersthal, Ludwig Fischer von; Decker, Thomas; Kiani, Alexander; Moehler, Markus; Kaiser, Florian; Heintges, Tobias; Kahl, Christoph; Kullmann, Frank; Scheithauer, Werner; Link, Hartmut; Modest, Dominik P.; Stintzing, Sebastian and Holch, Julian W. (2022): Standard diametric versus volumetric early tumor shrinkage as a predictor of survival in metastatic colorectal cancer: subgroup findings of the randomized, open-label phase III trial FIRE-3/AIO KRK-0306. In: European Radiology, Vol. 33, No. 2: pp. 1174-1184 [PDF, 2MB]


Objectives Early tumor shrinkage (ETS) quantifies the objective response at the first assessment during systemic treatment. In metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), ETS gains relevance as an early available surrogate for patient survival. The aim of this study was to increase the predictive accuracy of ETS by using semi-automated volumetry instead of standard diametric measurements. Methods Diametric and volumetric ETS were retrospectively calculated in 253 mCRC patients who received 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) combined with either cetuximab or bevacizumab. The association of diametric and volumetric ETS with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) was compared. Results Continuous diametric and volumetric ETS predicted survival similarly regarding concordance indices (p > .05). In receiver operating characteristics, a volumetric threshold of 45% optimally identified short-term survivors. For patients with volumetric ETS >= 45% (vs < 45%), median OS was longer (32.5 vs 19.0 months, p < .001) and the risk of death reduced for the first and second year (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.25, p < .001, and HR = 0.39, p < .001). Patients with ETS >= 45% had a reduced risk of progressive disease only for the first 6 months (HR = 0.26, p < .001). These survival times and risks were comparable to those of diametric ETS >= 20% (vs < 20%). Conclusions The accuracy of ETS in predicting survival was not increased by volumetric instead of diametric measurements. Continuous diametric and volumetric ETS similarly predicted survival, regardless of whether patients received cetuximab or bevacizumab. A volumetric ETS threshold of 45% and a diametric ETS threshold of 20% equally identified short-term survivors.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item