Logo Logo
Switch Language to German

Pereira, Ricardo J. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8076-4822; Lima, Thiago G. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3234-5225; Pierce‐Ward, N. Tessa ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2942-5331; Chao, Lin and Burton, Ronald S. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6995-5329 (2021): Recovery from hybrid breakdown reveals a complex genetic architecture of mitonuclear incompatibilities. In: Molecular Ecology, Vol. 30, No. 23: pp. 6403-6416 [PDF, 2MB]


Reproductive isolation is often achieved when genes that are neutral or beneficial in their genomic background become functionally incompatible in a foreign genomic background, causing inviability, sterility or other forms of low fitness in hybrids. Recent studies suggest that mitonuclear interactions are among the initial incompatibilities to evolve at early stages of population divergence across taxa. Yet, the genomic architecture of mitonuclear incompatibilities has rarely been elucidated. We employ an experimental evolution approach starting with low-fitness F2 interpopulation hybrids of the copepod Tigriopus californicus, in which frequencies of compatible and incompatible nuclear alleles change in response to an alternative mitochondrial background. After about nine generations, we observe a generalized increase in population size and in survivorship, suggesting efficiency of selection against maladaptive phenotypes. Whole genome sequencing of evolved populations showed some consistent allele frequency changes across three replicates of each reciprocal cross, but markedly different patterns between mitochondrial backgrounds. In only a few regions (~6.5% of the genome), the same parental allele was overrepresented irrespective of the mitochondrial background. About 33% of the genome showed allele frequency changes consistent with divergent selection, with the location of these genomic regions strongly differing between mitochondrial backgrounds. In 87% and 89% of these genomic regions, the dominant nuclear allele matched the associated mitochondrial background, consistent with mitonuclear co-adaptation. These results suggest that mitonuclear incompatibilities have a complex polygenic architecture that differs between populations, potentially generating genome-wide barriers to gene flow between closely related taxa.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item