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Lesage, Anne; Marceau, Francois; Gibson, Christoph; Loenders, Brigitte; Katzer, Werner; Ambrosi, Horst-Dieter; Saupe, Jorn; Faussner, Alexander; Pardali, Evangelia and Knolle, Jochen (2022): In vitro pharmacological profile of PHA-022121, a small molecule bradykinin B-2 receptor antagonist in clinical development. In: International Immunopharmacology, Vol. 105, 108523

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PHA-022121 is a novel small molecule bradykinin B-2 receptor antagonist, in clinical development for the treatment and prevention of hereditary angioedema attacks. The present study describes the in vitro pharmacological characteristics of PHA-022121 and its active metabolite, PHA-022484 (M2-D). In mammalian cell lines, PHA-022121 and PHA-022484 show high affinity for the recombinant human bradykinin B-2 receptor with K-i values of 0.47 and 0.70 nM, respectively, and potent antagonism of the human bradykinin B-2 receptor with K-b values of 0.15 and 0.26 nM, respectively (calcium mobilization assay). Antagonist potency at the recombinant cynomolgus monkey bradykinin B-2 receptor is similarly high (K-b values of 1.42 and 1.12 nM for PHA-022121 and PHA-022484, respectively), however, potency at rat, mouse, rabbit and dog bradykinin B-2 receptors is at least 100-fold lower than the potency at the human receptor for both compounds. In the human umbilical vein contractility assay, both PHA-022121 and PHA-022484 show a potent, surmountable and reversible B-2 antagonist activity with pA(2) values of 0.35 and 0.47 nM, respectively. The in vitro off-target profile of PHA-022121 and PHA-022484 demonstrates a high degree of selectivity over a wide range of molecular targets, including the bradykinin B-1 receptor. It is concluded that PHA-022121 is a novel, low-molecular weight, competitive antagonist of the human bradykinin B-2 receptor with high affinity, high antagonist potency, and high selectivity. It is about 20-fold more potent than icatibant at the human bradykinin B-2 receptor as assessed using recombinant or endogenously expressed receptors.

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