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Shaikh, Aasef G.; Kim, Ji-Soo; Froment, Caroline; Koo, Yu Jin; Dupre, Nicolas; Hadjivassiliou, Marios; Honnorat, Jerome; Kothari, Sudhir; Mitoma, Hiroshi; Rodrigue, Xavier; Soong, Bing-Wen; Subramony, S. H.; Strupp, Michael; Schmahmann, Jeremy and Manto, Mario (2022): Scale for Ocular motor Disorders in Ataxia (SODA). In: Journal of the Neurological Sciences, Vol. 443, 120472

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Eye movements are fundamental diagnostic and progression markers of various neurological diseases, including those affecting the cerebellum. Despite the high prevalence of abnormal eye movements in patients with cere-bellar disorders, the traditional rating scales do not focus on abnormal eye movements. We formed a consortium of neurologists focusing on cerebellar disorders. The consortium aimed to design and validate a novel Scale for Ocular motor Disorders in Ataxia (SODA). The primary purpose of the scale is to determine the extent of ocular motor deficits due to various phenomenologies. A higher score on the scale would suggest a broader range of eye movement deficits. The scale was designed such that it is easy to implement by non-specialized neurological care providers. The scale was not designed to measure each ocular motor dysfunction's severity objectively. Our validation studies revealed that the scale reliably measured the extent of saccade abnormalities and nystagmus. We found a lack of correlation between the total SODA score and the total International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale (ICARS), Scale for Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA), or Brief Ataxia Rating Scale (BARS). One explanation is that conventionally reported scales are not dedicated to eye movement disorders;and when present, the measure of ocular motor function is only one subsection of the ataxia rating scales. It is also possible that the severity of ataxias does not correlate with eye movement abnormalities. Nevertheless, the SODA met the consortium's primary goal: to prepare a simple outcome measure that can identify ocular motor dysfunction in patients with cerebellar ataxia.

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