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Kilroy, Gerard; Zhu, Hongyan; Chang, Minhee and Smith, Roger K. (2022): Application of the rotating-convection paradigm for tropical cyclones to interpreting medicanes: An example. In: Tropical Cyclone Research and Review, Vol. 11, No. 3: pp. 131-145

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The rotating-convection paradigm for tropical cyclone behaviour is shown to provide an attractive and consistent framework for interpreting the dynamics of formation and intensification of at least some medicanes. The ideas are illustrated by a case study of the medicane that formed over the eastern Mediterranean in mid-December 2020. This case study is based on analyses of data from the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), imagery from the European geostationary meteorological satellite, Meteosat Second Generation, and output from a convection permitting numerical simulation of the event using the United Kingdom (UK) Met Office regional model with the RAL2 physics configuration. Limitations of the currently widely accepted interpretation of medicanes in terms of the so-called Wind-Induced Surface Heat Exchange (WISHE) intensification mechanism are discussed.(c) 2022 The Shanghai Typhoon Institute of China Meteorological Administration. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of KeAi Communication Co. Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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