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Zotev, Panaiot G.; Wang, Yue; Sortino, Luca; Millard, Toby Severs; Mullin, Nic; Conteduca, Donato; Shagar, Mostafa; Genco, Armando; Hobbs, Jamie K.; Krauss, Thomas F. and Tartakovskii, Alexander I. (2022): Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Dimer Nanoantennas for Tailored Light-Matter Interactions. In: ACS Nano, Vol. 16, No. 4: pp. 6493-6505

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Transition metal dichalcogenides have emerged as promising materials for nanophotonic resonators because of their large refractive index, low absorption within a large portion of the visible spectrum, and compatibility with a wide range of substrates. Herein, we use these properties to fabricate WS2 double-pillar nanoantennas in a variety of geometries enabled by the anisotropy in the crystal structure. Using dark-field spectroscopy, we reveal multiple Mie resonances, to which we couple WSe2 monolayer photoluminescence and achieve Purcell enhancement and an increased fluorescence by factors up to 240 for dimer gaps of 150 nm. We introduce postfabrication atomic force microscope repositioning and rotation of dimer nanoantennas, achieving gaps as small as 10 +/- 5 nm, which enables a host of potential applications, including strong Purcell enhancement of single-photon emitters and optical trapping, which we study in simulations. Our findings highlight the advantages of using transition metal dichalcogenides for nanophotonics by exploring applications enabled by their properties.

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