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Sauer, Adrian; Thorwaechter, Christoph; Dupraz, Ingrid; Maas, Allan; Steinbrueck, Arnd; Grupp, Thomas M. and Woiczinski, Matthias (2022): Isolated effects of patellar resurfacing in total knee arthroplasty and their relation to native patellar geometry. In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 12, No. 1, 12979

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The isolated effects of patellar resurfacing on patellar kinematics are rarely investigated. Nonetheless, knowing more about these effects could help to enhance present understanding of the emergence of kinematic improvements or deteriorations associated with patellar resurfacing. The aim of this study was to isolate the effects of patellar resurfacing from a multi-stage in vitro study, where kinematics after total knee arthroplasty before and after patellar resurfacing were recorded. Additionally, the influence of the native patellar geometry on these effects was analysed. Eight fresh frozen specimens were tested successively with different implant configurations on an already established weight bearing knee rig. The patello-femoral kinematics were thereby measured using an ultrasonic measurement system and its relation to the native patellar geometries was analysed. After patellar resurfacing, the specimen showed a significantly medialized patellar shift. This medialization of the patellar tracking was significantly correlated to the lateral facet angle of the native patella. The patellar shift after patellar resurfacing is highly influenced by the position of the patellar button and the native lateral patellar facet angle. As a result, the ideal medio-lateral position of the patellar component is affected by the geometry of the native patella.

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