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Wirner, Corinna; Thiele, Simone; Malm, Eva and Schoser, Benedikt (2022): Physiotherapeutische Versorgung von Erwachsenen mit Neuromuskulären Erkrankungen – Online-Befragung von Physiotherapeut*innen im Stadtgebiet München. In: Fortschritte der Neurologie - Psychiatrie, Vol. 91, No. 9: pp. 351-359

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Abstract

Background and aim Physiotherapy has a key role in the symptomatic treatment of neuromuscular disorders (NMD). In the health care of adults with NMD, there may be intransparency of physiotherapy processes due, among other factors, to disciplinary interfaces. This study describes the current state of physiotherapeutic care for adults with NMD and examines the needs of physiotherapists in improving the quality of physiotherapeutic care. Methods An online survey of physiotherapists in the city area of Munich was carried out using Lime Survey. The survey link was distributed in both inpatient and outpatient settings and with use of the snowball principle. The data on the closed and open questions were accordingly evaluated quantitatively descriptively and content-analytically. Results A total of 137 physiotherapists participated in the online survey, and information from 124 survey participants was included in the analyses. 62.4% (n=58) of them were involved in the treatment of adults with NMD. The most common physiotherapy prescription was Physiotherapy for the treatment of central movement disorders (KG-ZNS) (82.9%;n=34). Home visits and assistive devices were ranked as the most effective interventions. 69.1% (n=56) of survey participants would like more information on NMD, primarily in the form of e-learning (24.0%;n=37) and professional articles (21.4%;n=33). In addition to the identified need for information, there were requests for more in-depth interprofessional communication and increased time resources in physiotherapeutic treatment. Conclusion The wide range of physiotherapeutic measures applied pursues, among other things, the goal of helping patients maintain their independence and is considered to be of great benefit in the care of adult patients with NMD. It is important to address the identified desire and need for information expressed by physiotherapists on the subject of NMD in the preferred form by means of low-threshold offers. The interprofessional communication should be intensified and time-related aspects should be considered in the issuing of prescriptions as well as with regard to a possible blank prescription option in the future, in order to achieve positive effects in the physiotherapeutic care of adult patients with NMD.

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