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Ma, He; Lai, Bingjie; Zan, Chunfang; Di, Xin; Zhu, Xinran and Wang, Ke (2022): GLO1 Contributes to the Drug Resistance of Escherichia coli Through Inducing PER Type of Extended-Spectrum beta-Lactamases. In: Infection and Drug Resistance, Vol. 15: pp. 1573-1586

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Background: Escherichia coli-associated antimicrobial resistance (AMR) issue so far needs urgent considerations. This study aims to screen the potent genes associated with extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) in drug-resistant Escherichia coli and elucidate the specific drug-resistant mechanism. Methods: Clinical ESBLs-EC samples were obtained based on the microbial identification, and the whole genome was sequenced. In combination with the significantly enriched pathways, several differently expressed genes were screened and verified by RT-PCR. Furthermore, through knocking out glyoxalase 1 (GLO1) gene and transfecting overexpressed plasmids, the potential relationship between GLO1 and ESBLs was then investigated. Lastly, the concentrations of beta-lactamases in bacteria and supernatant from different groups were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: After successful isolation and identification of ESBLs-EC, the whole genome and eighteen differential metabolic pathways were analyzed to select differently expressed genes, including add, deoD, guaD, speG, GLO1, VNN1, etc. RT-PCR results showed that there were no differences in these genes between the standard bacteria and susceptible Escherichia coli. Remarkably, the relative levels of four genes including speG, Hdac10, GLO1 and Ppcdc were significantly increased in ESBLs-EC in comparison with susceptible strains, whereas other gene expression was decreased. Further experiments utilizing gene knockout and overexpression strains confirmed the role of GLO1. At last, a total of 10 subtypes of beta-lactamases were studied using ELISA, including BES-, CTX-M1-, CTX-M2-, OXA1-, OXA2-, OXA10-, PER-, SHV-, TEM-, and VEB-ESBLs, and results demonstrated that GLO1 gene expression only affected PER-beta-lactamases but had no effects on other beta-lactamases. Conclusion: SpeG, Hdac10, GLO1 and Ppcdc might be associated with the drug-resistant mechanism of Escherichia coli. Of note, this study firstly addressed the role of GLO1 in the drug resistance of ESBLs-EC, and this effect may be mediated by increasing PER-beta-lactamases.

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