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Ilie, Nicoleta (2022): Universal Chromatic Resin-Based Composites: Aging Behavior Quantified by Quasi-Static and Viscoelastic Behavior Analysis. In: Bioengineering, Vol. 9, No. 7, 270

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Universal chromatic dental resin-based composites were recently developed in an attempt to speed up the restoration process with the aim of making it easier for the practitioner to decide on a suitable shade and to avoid time-consuming matching and mixing of materials. The way in which color is created in the analyzed universal chromatic materials is innovative, as it is not only induced by selective light absorption via pigments (Venus Diamond ONE, Venus Pearl ONE), as is usual in regular composites (Charisma Classic, Charisma Topaz, Venus, Venus Diamond), but also by selective light reflection via particularized microstructures (Omnichroma). Material properties were assessed at 24 h post-polymerization and after artificial aging. Flexural strength (n = 20) and modulus were measured in a 3-point-bending test and complemented with fractography and Weibull analysis. Quasi-static (Martens, Vickers, and indentation hardness;elastic and total indentation work;creep, indentation depth) and viscoelastic (storage, loss, and indentation moduli;loss factor) behavior (n = 6) was measured by a depth-sensing indentation test equipped with a DMA module. The nanoscale silica/zirconia polymer core-shell structure in the structural-colored material induces similar or poorer mechanical properties compared with pigment-colored materials, which is related to the higher polymer content. For all materials, aging shows a clear influence on the measured properties, with the degree of degradation depending on the measurement scale.

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