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Ilie, Nicoleta (2022): Resin-Based Bulk-Fill Composites: Tried and Tested, New Trends, and Evaluation Compared to Human Dentin. In: Materials, Vol. 15, No. 22, 8095

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A more-and-more-accepted alternative to the time-consuming and technique-sensitive, classic, incremental-layering technique of resin-based composites (RBCs) is their placement in large increments. The so-called bulk-fill RBCs had to be modified for a higher polymerization depth and already have a 20-year history behind them. From the initial simple mechanisms of increasing the depth of cure by increasing their translucency, bulk-fill RBCs have evolved into complex materials with novel polymerization mechanisms and bioactive properties. However, since the materials are intended to replace the tooth structure, they must be comparable in mechanical behavior to the substance they replace. The study compares already established bulk-fill RBCs with newer, less-studied materials and establishes their relationship to dentin with regard to basic material properties such as hardness and indentation modulus. Instrumented indentation testing enables a direct comparison of tooth and material substrates and provides clinically relevant information. The results underline the strong dependence of the measured properties on the amount of filler in contrast to the small influence of the material classes into which they are classified. The main difference of RBCs compared to dentin is a comparable hardness but a much lower indentation modulus, emphasizing further development potential.

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