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Nag, Abanti; Schmidt, Peter J.; Schnick, Wolfgang (2006): Synthesis and Characterization of Tb[N(CN)2]3·2H2O and Eu[N(CN)2]3·2H2O:. Two New Luminescent Rare-Earth Dicyanamides. In: Chemistry of materials, Vol. 18, Nr. 24: S. 5738-5745
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Abstract

Two new rare-earth dicyanamides, namely, Tb[N(CN)2]3·2H2O and Eu[N(CN)2]3·2H2O, have been prepared by ion exchange in aqueous solution, followed by evaporation of the solvent at room temperature. The structures of both compounds have been solved and refined from single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction data, respectively. The two compounds are isostructural and are built up from irregular quadratic antiprismatic LnN6O2 polyhedra connected to each other by three crystallographically independent dicyanamide ([N(CN)2]3-) ions (Tb[N(CN)2]3·2H2O, P21/n, Z = 4, a = 7.4632(15) Å, b = 11.523(2) Å, c = 13.944(3) Å, β = 94.06(3)°, V = 1196.2(4) Å3; Eu[N(CN)2]3·2H2O, P21/n, Z = 4, a = 7.4780(3) Å, b = 11.5429(5) Å, c = 13.9756(7) Å, β = 93.998(4)°, V = 1203.41(10) Å3). Annealing of the hydrated phases of Ln[N(CN)2]3·2H2O (Ln = Eu, Tb) at 150 °C under an argon atmosphere leads to the formation of nonhydrated Ln[N(CN)2]3 (Ln = Eu, Tb). Both the hydrated (Eu[N(CN)2]3·2H2O) and nonhydrated (Eu[N(CN)2]3) europium(III) dicyanamides show red luminescence due to the dominant intensity of 5D0−7FJ (J = 1, 2, 4) emission lines by excitation at 365 nm. The broad excitation band of europium(III) dicyanamide (fwhm = 8000 cm-1) ranging between 260 and 420 nm with λmax ≈ 30000 cm-1 is ascribed to a Eu−N charge-transfer transition, which is significantly shifted to lower energy compared to that of oxo compounds due to the nephalauxetic effect. Similarly, both the hydrated (Tb[N(CN)2]3·2H2O) and nonhydrated (Tb[N(CN)2]3) terbium(III) dicyanamides show green emission at λexc = 365 nm, arising mainly from the dominant 5D0−7F4 transition. However, unlike europium(III) dicyanamide, the broad excitation band of terbium(III) dicyanamide ranging between 250 and 400 nm with a maximum at 33000 cm-1 can be assigned to the 4f8−4f75d1 transition of Tb3+.