Jürgens, Barbara; Höppe, Henning A.; Irran, Elisabeth; Schnick, Wolfgang
Transformation of Ammonium Dicyanamide into Dicyandiamide in the Solid.
In: Inorganic chemistry, Vol. 41, Nr. 19: S. 4849-4851
Ammonium dicyanamide NH4[N(CN)2] was synthesized through aqueous ion exchange. The crystal structure was investigated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (P21/c, a = 378.67(6) pm, b = 1240.9(3) pm, c = 911.84(14) pm, β = 91.488(18)°, Z = 4). It derives from the CsCl structure type. Medium strong hydrogen bonds between NH4+ and [N(CN)2]- ions are indicative of the observed formation of dicyandiamide H4C2N4 during heating. According to DSC and temperature-dependent X-ray powder diffractometry, this isomerization is exothermic and occurs between 102 and 106°C in the solid. The reaction represents the isolobal analogue to the classical synthesis of urea by heating NH4OCN. While other alkali and alkaline earth dicyanamides undergo trimerization or polymerization of their anions during heating, ammonium dicyanamide thus shows a different reactivity.