Brodt, Simon; Bry, François
Temporal Stream Algebra.
Data stream management systems (DSMS) so far focus on
event queries and hardly consider combined queries to both
data from event streams and from a database. However,
applications like emergency management require combined
data stream and database queries. Further requirements are
the simultaneous use of multiple timestamps after different
time lines and semantics, expressive temporal relations between multiple time-stamps and
exible negation, grouping
and aggregation which can be controlled, i. e. started and
stopped, by events and are not limited to fixed-size time
windows. Current DSMS hardly address these requirements.
This article proposes Temporal Stream Algebra (TSA) so
as to meet the afore mentioned requirements. Temporal
streams are a common abstraction of data streams and data-
base relations; the operators of TSA are generalizations of
the usual operators of Relational Algebra. A in-depth 'analysis of temporal relations guarantees that valid TSA expressions are non-blocking, i. e. can be evaluated incrementally.
In this respect TSA differs significantly from previous algebraic approaches which use specialized operators to prevent
blocking expressions on a "syntactical" level.